Twenty-seventh of the Ottoman Sultans Abdulhamit biography
Biography Life of Abdulhamit Khan
Ninety-second of the Islamic Caliphs
Father: III. Ahmed Khan
Mother: Rabia Şermi Sultan
Birth: March 20, 1725
Death: March 28, 1789
He was born on March 20, 1725 in Topkapı Palace. Science was taught by the great scholars of the time from an early age. Abdülhamid, a smart, intelligent, far-sighted, cultured and diligent prince, is his brother Sultan III. Upon the death of Mustafa Han on January 21, 1774, he took the Ottoman throne at the age of 49.
Abdulhamid Han, who ascended the throne during the most depressed period of the Ottoman Empire, was the brother of the Russian war III. Like Mustafa, he was thinking of closing it with the least damage. Indeed, the Russian war, which had been going on for six years, was developing against the Ottoman Empire. As a result, Sultan Abdulhamid Han was obliged to accept the terms of the separation of Crimea from the Ottoman Empire with the Treaty of Kucuk Kaynarca, the Russians to have a navy in the Black Sea and to act as the protector of the Orthodox people. One of the heaviest articles of this treaty was to leave Crimea open to Russian intervention.Abdulhamid Han took action especially for the improvement of the Kapıkulu furnaces. He had engineers brought in from France. He had the Mühendishane-i bahr-i hümayunu (State Marine Engineering Office) established. Speed artillery quarry was developed.
In the meantime, taking advantage of the turmoil in the Russian battle, he suppressed the rebellions in Anatolia, Egypt, Hejaz and Damascus. The wars that started over the border encroachments of the Iranian forces ended with the victory of the Ottomans. Basra was captured. Soğucak and Anapa castles were fortified against the Russian threat. On the other hand, in 1784, Russia entered this country taking advantage of the khanate conflicts in Crimea and declared that after massacring thousands of Muslims and Turks. Running to every Ottoman gaze and
we incline to Rayet in place of kamet-i dilcu
We have tied a tongue to the tune, instead of this, Life of Abdulhamit Khan
We are with life billah Gazayî tesne
The noble and heroic voices of the Crimeans who said
1.Extraordinary Life of Abdul Hamid Khan
instead of water we pour their blood to the enemy-i religion were muted, and the annexation of the Russians was an unforgettable source of suffering for the Turks. The loss of the khanate, whose entire population was Turkish, was unlike the way in Hungary and Central Europe.However, the Russians’ convincing Austria to war forced the Ottoman Empire to fight on two fronts. Life of Abdulhamit Khan The Ottoman army under the command of Serdar Koca Yusuf Pasha defeated the Austrian forces in Şebeş. On the other hand, rivalries between the commanders on the Russian front prepared the ground for defeat. The Russians entered Özi after the castles of Iaş and Hotin, where they committed a rare massacre in history.Abdulhamit
As a matter of fact, Sultan Abdulhamid I, while listening to the atrocities committed during the reading of the report on the Ozi castle sent to him by the grand vizier ” The prince of Potemkin nam moskof doubled the twenty-five thousand Muslims who were present in the castle, with no exception, and acted his sentence as a martyr, regardless of whether they were children, elderly, pregnant or lactating. ” As for the sentence, he died of a stroke of grief (28 March 1789). He was buried in his tomb in Eminönü Bahçekapısı.
Sultan Abdulhamid I sought Allah’s
approval in everything he did, his heart beat for Islam. He used to pray when he was free from the state administration, and he would spend God Almighty with dhikr and never drop the Quran.Life of Abdulhamit Khan He loved the Prophet and his Ahl al-Bayt very much.Like other Ottoman sultans, his heart was full of affection and mercy towards his subjects. He carried out many development activities.
Sultan Abdulhamid In 1778, for the spirit of his mother Rabia Sultan, there was a mosque, muvakkıthane, bath and primary school in Beylerbeyi, madrasah in Medina, mosque in Emirgan, a large imaret, fountain, public fountain, primary school, madrasah in Eminönü, He built a tomb and a library. In his tomb, there are the steps of the Prophet (blessed footprints) on a marble inside the wall on the north side of the sarcophagus.
Sultan Abdulhamid I / One of His Own Pen Portrait of the Sultan (1774-1789)
TATAV Y. Istanbul 2001
Extraordinary Life of Abdulhamit Khan
27. Sultan Abdulhamid The 16-year reign of Sultan Abdulhamid I, the Ottoman sultan, coincides with a very complicated period . With the disappearance of Crimea, internal and external developments, which were progressively negative, turned into a crisis. Before the people felt pessimistic and similar feelings of the sultan, the weaknesses of the state were expressed, some rehabilitation initiatives were carried out, some rehabilitation initiatives were carried out, and the reactions that occurred were announced through fires or information.While this study sheds light on a sultan and his period for the first time by following his writings, only one sultan is exhibited in all aspects.Abdulhamit
Imam-hatip Şemsettin Ergin has been the religious officer of Emirgan Hamid-i Evvel Mosque for 14 years. Life of Abdulhamit KhanLack of sufficient information about the mosque and the questions of tourists pushing him to a new research. Life of Abdulhamit Khan Seeing that it is a big gap that there is no book about the content of the 230-year-old historical mosque, Ergin wrote the book of the mosque with a feverish work. The work “History of Emirgan Abdulhamit Mosque and History of Life of Abdulhamit Khan Emirgan” appears. Expressing his happiness for doing cultural service, Ergin says that he created the book by filtering the bee like collecting food from various flowers and making honey. The book, which has 30 thousand prints, is appreciated by the academic community. It serves as a source for doctoral dissertations to students who are given research on the mosque. Life of Abdulhamit Khan
Ergin searches for sources about mosques in various libraries of Istanbul for a year.It makes use of various books, articles, journals, Hadikatü’l Cevami and the simplified book of Abdülhamid I. While writing the book of the mosque, Ergin also encounters the past of the district and includes the history of Emirgan,Sultan AbdulhamidEmirgan Choir, historical mansions, historical buildings and fountains in his book. The book also includes three Harem-i Sharifs (Kaaba, Masjid-i Aqsa, Masjid-i Nebi) and the history of mosques and religious provisions on mosques.
1.Extraordinary Life of Abdul Hamid Khan
Khan Şemsettin Ergin goes to Austria in 1997 and 2003 as a foreign officer. Ergin, who is the Austrian correspondent of the European Religious Magazine, writes various news and articles in the magazine where the activities of mosques and religious duties in Austria. Ergin said, “I would be successful if I had done the journalism profession. I would cover youth problems more in my news.Sultan Abdulhamid
1.Extraordinary Life of Abdul Hamid
Sultan Abdulhamid Because our future is entrusted to them. Life of Abdulhamit Khan” says. Ergin, who has sent articles to magazines and newspapers before, says that he tended to write books on this occasion. When he sees that one of the problems of the youth in the country is the lack of respect for his parents, he writes the book “Obedience to Parents”, saying what can I write about it.writes his book. Stating that he wants to produce different works as he writes the book, Ergin says that he will do a research about young people for the 4th book. Emirgan Hamid-i Evvel Mosque, which was built in 1781 by Abdulhamid I for Mehmet and his mother, Hümâşah Hatun, who died at an early age, is today known as the Emirgan Mosque. Life of Abdulhamit KhanThe mosque, which was destroyed after a long time, was built by Sultan II. It is being rebuilt in the time of Mahmud.Sultan Abdulhamid