Friday, October 22, 2021

Beware of Pneumonia in Winter

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Stating that the flu, which is frequently seen in the winter and is severe, prepares the environment for pneumonia, Chest Diseases Specialist Prof. Dr. Ferah Ece told the questions about pneumonia. Stating that the flu, which is frequently seen in the winter season and is severe, prepares the environment for pneumonia, Chest Diseases Specialist Prof. Dr. Ferah Ece talked about what is being wondered about pneumonia.

Why does pneumonia occur?
Patients who do not have any other concomitant disease that occurs in the form of inflammation of the lung lobe, who have a chronic disorder that can be seen during their daily life. It is a febrile illness that progresses more severely in people and can sometimes result in death. In this disease, because the air sacs in the lungs are filled with an inflamed fluid, the oxygen exchange function of the lungs is disrupted, and therefore the oxygen level in the blood decreases. Inflammation is caused by microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria or fungi.

Is it contagious?
These microbes that cause pneumonia are transmitted from person to person as a result of close contact. Transmission of the disease to healthy people occurs through direct inhalation of airborne droplets when coughing, sneezing or speaking from sick people. Crowded places, closed areas, schools where people live together, military and dormitories are places where pneumonia is more likely to be transmitted. Alcohol, drugs, smoking and bad living conditions are the factors that prepare the ground for severe flu.

Can the flu turn into pneumonia?
Severe flu disease prepares the environment for pneumonia, and during the course of diseases that weaken the body excessively, pneumonia

What is the treatment?
The use of antibiotics, antiviral agents if necessary, antipyretics, oxygen intake, fluid intake to compensate for water loss, bed rest, a high-calorie diet with plenty of vitamins and a high-calorie diet are included in the treatment. It needs to be fed well.

How to be protected?
As flu is an airborne disease, using a mask is the most effective way to protect yourself from the viruses that are spread by coughing and sneezing of people infected with the flu virus.
It may be possible to prevent influenza by taking precautions such as paying attention to good ventilation and paying attention to cleanliness in crowded places such as public vehicles, cinemas and theaters.
Stress reduces body resistance. China is one of the most important factors that pave the way for diseases. Therefore, getting away from stress in various ways will bring about staying healthy. Not smoking and sleeping regularly can be counted among the other measures to be taken.

Source: Habertürk

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